Tesla Model S – The Ultimate Guide
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- Tesla Model S and All Trim Levels
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Tesla Model S and All Trim Levels
If you look back in the past few decades, nothing has taken the automotive industry by storm, like Tesla.
After their first launch and try in the EV automobile category with their Roadster, they saw the demand was there and launched the Model S in early to mid-2012. This was a revolutionary thing that no one could wrap their heads around at first.
How can you drive a fully electric automobile on a daily basis, and have nearly the same convenience factor as you would with a typical fossil fuel vehicle? Little did everyone knows what questions like those would lead Tesla too. In just a few short years, there are over 1,000 superchargers in most states (and even more abroad). More on this later.
Although most Model S’s look the same with minor cosmetic changes, the magic is In the technology being used. Much like your smartphone, the technology inside, coupled with quality battery power, gives the device different features, capabilities, and much more.
It’s mind-boggling to see how Tesla manages to make so many big changes, with a simple software update via their 3G and 4G connection. When you look at it as a smarter, like a smartphone, it will all click and you’ll see where today's infrastructure is headed.
Ever since the conception of the Model S, there have been different trim levels released with different sized motors, batteries, hardware, and even minor cosmetic improvements.
By looking below, we will cover each trim level of the Model S.
Disclaimer: Information show below is compiled from using various resources for specs, found on the internet.
Model S Trim:
Used Prices (USD):
Top Speed (mph):
Model S 60
This was the first big hit with Tesla, a Model S with a 60 kW battery. The first serious sedan which could give you over 200 miles of range (given you drive it sensibly). Aside from taking most by storm, the stylish Model S squeezes many things we love about 4 door cars with their first mainstream car.
Ease of use, sleek lines, PLENTY of storage, sporty rear-wheel drive… its what both car enthusiasts and regular users would love to drive.
The 60 kW battery gives the Model S a total max range of 210 miles, with 382hp and 317 lb-ft of torque. At that time, those figures were nothing to play around with. Respectable in every sense, and considering it was as easy to drive as a Toyota Prius… once could say it would be the best car in the world.
The 60 kW variant offers impressive performance, with 0-60 in a reasonable 5.5 seconds and a top speed of 130mph. From the get-go, you’ll sling like a go-cart and continue on-forward until top reached speed.
Model S 60D
Now, the RWD 60kW Model S was in product from 2012-2015 and then from 2016-2017. During the year 2016 in June, they introduced the all-wheel-drive version, named the 60D which pretty much made it possible to drive in any road conditions, using not one but TWO motors (D standing for dual motors).
In the process, AWD reduced the 0-60 time to just 5.2 seconds, while still keeping horsepower and torque figures unchanged.
Model S 75
The facelift Model S 75 has arguably improved overall looks, and undoubtably improved aerodynamics from its first iteration. Still most of the car is unchanged, with the key changes being in the software side of things.
No doubt, if you’re coming from the old 60 and 65 kWh version, here you’ll see a noticeable increase in range, from 210 to 249 miles (or nearly 400 klm). In addition, you’re sprinting to 60 miles per hour a bit faster, but nothing too extraordinary for now.
Model S 75D
The 75D is able to get range of 259 miles on a single charge. Mind you these are numbers driving at speeds not exceeding 60 mph, withno AC, and stock 19” inch factory wheels.
Real world range at highway speeds can be 180-185 miles, which includes 30% reduction for driving 70 mph (average speed limit for US highways).
Every Model S, including the 75D manufactured prior to December 2016, have unlimited supercharging built-in. This translates to FAST & FREE charging. Charge 80% in less than 45 minutes, with a full charge in around 65-70 minutes. In 30 minutes time you can get 150-160 miles of rated range, enough for you continue your journey (shown on computer).
From the factory brand new, you can expect to pay a base price of almost $80,000. With a few options ticked, you’re leaning towards $90K-$95K (self driving and autopilot being the BIG ticket items).
Covering some specs, the 75D weighs at around 4,608 lbs or 2,090 kg (curb weight). The 75kw battery is capable of producing 329hp and 387 ft-lb of torque. With the first iteration being able to hit 60mph from 0 in 5.2 seconds. Now in late 2017 an update on qualified cars can now get them nearly 1 second quicker to 60mph, at about 4.2-4.4 seconds (compared to 5.2 seconds previously).
Quarter mile times can range from 12.8-13.2 seconds with a top speed of 140 mph.
Today in 2017, if you’d like to buy a Tesla Model S but don’t want the craziness of the P100D or even P90D… the 75D is quick enough to get you going and around traffic with NO problems at all.
Model S 85
Let’s cover one of the original Model S’s, the one which started its life back in 2012 and lasted a good 4 years until February of 2016. This version of the Model S never got the 2016 front-end facelift, instead you are given the only option as the original Model S. Although that should be of no issue, this is an excellent car with noticeably greater range compared to the 60, 70, and 75 variants.
As you can tell by the number 85, it’s how many kilowatt hours it can store. The NON-D version has a rated range of about 265 miles. Factoring in a 30% hit driving at highway speeds (65-70mph), you can expect 185-187 miles of real world range. Drive slower, and get that number boosted towards 200 or a bit more.
The price as of right now, ranges from the low $40K’s with higher mileage of 45-65K to the upper 60’s with very low mileage. You can find quite a few of these for sale at Tesla.com or many online automotive dealer outlets such as Cars.com and AutoTrader.com.
Let’s talk about numbers.
Looking at the 85 you can expect 373hp and 325 ft lbs of torque, thanks to the single motor powering the rear wheels. The numbers for acceleration are not bad, at around 5.4-5.6 seconds. Top speed is limited to 140 mph, and quarter mile times in 14.0-14.5 seconds.
The 85 kw battery is charges rather quickly, and luckily for you is compatible for free unlimited supercharging. 30 minutes is enough to get you 150-160 miles of range, 80% can get you to 210-215 mile mark, and 100% will bring it all the way up to 265 miles (although this can take 60-75 minutes to reach).
Model S 85D
As predicted, the 85 received the second motor which made it an awd car. Now 85D is an important car overall because its an improvement from the standard 85 in almost every way. First released in 2014 and lasting all the way up until the 90D came out (2016).
First lets talk about the important thing that everyone would be asking, and that is the range. Compared to the RWD version, it received a 7 mile boost from 265 to 272. This is all thanks to its dual motors which are designed for efficiency more than anything. The cars computer will show 272 miles of rated range, but at 70 mph highway driving, you can expect to get 190-195 miles.
Performance is improved thanks to the dual motor. Horsepower is now 417 and torque at 485. Acceleration from 0-60 takes just 4.2 seconds… that’s a 1.2 second improvement from base model 85. Top speed is bumped up to an impressive 155 mph from 140 mph.
When this was brand new, MSRP was at around $80,000 dollars. After nearly 3 years, you can buy a used one from $55,000 to $75,000.
But, should you?
If you compare it to the 85 RWD version, you’re getting an extra 7 miles of rated range, extra 44 horsepower, a HUGE boost in torque, and all-wheel-drive which works like magic in the winter.
Model S P85
Tesla decided to put their foot down, and give a performance oriented version of their luxury flagship. The P85 came into scene in 2013, and it was a bit different from all the other ones…. Actually, a lot more different.
While the acceleration compared to the 85D is near identical (you can take .1 tenth off as P85 is a bit quicker), the way it delivered it made the BIGGEST difference. While the 85D accelerated rather smoothly, P85 does so in a MUCH more aggressive way (don’t even think about turning OFF traction control). Turn-off range mode, turn ac off, put the windows down a bit, and take off.
The acceleration will rocket you to 60mph in just 4.1-4.2 seconds. Unlike the 85D which achieves 417HP from dual motors, the P85 achieves 420hp… from just a single mounted at the rear wheels. Torque figures are also quite impressive, at 443 ft lbs. Did I mention you’ll feel 100% of the torque instantly?
Range is identical to the non performance oriented 85 at 265 miles.
If you were to buy this from the factory, you’d end up paying a base price of $83,570 USD which would not include an additional options. Fast forward to now, you can get an older version from 2013 for around $50,000.
Other specs which you should be aware: Curb weight of the P85 is at around 4,656 lbs, 20 lbs or so more compared to an 85. Battery weight is the same, but where the increase in weight actually comes from is the bigger rear motor.
Overall, a completely different motor is used and is what gives this version great driving dynamics.
It’s not often you’ll get a faster and more capable automobile, while still getting the same efficiency/range. The P85 is one it.
Model S P85+
Model S P85D
Model S 90D
Model S P90D
Model S 100D
Model S P100D
Tesla Model S Specs
Model S Range
Model S Horsepower
Model S Torque
Model S 0-60 Times
Model S Top Speed
Model S Autopilot
Model S Battery
Model S Charge Time
Model S Dimensions
Model S Interior
Model S MSRP & Price